|GFDL authored CM2 papers:
|The final configuration of the GFDL CM2.0 model was determined in
early 2004. The first IPCC-related experiment to be run using CM2.0 (CM2Q_Control-1860_d2) was
launched in late April 2004. Other CM2.0 IPCC-related experiments followed until the
simulations were completed during autumn 2004. The second
member of the CM2.x family of models, CM2.1, was finalized in the late summer of 2004 and the
first CM2.1 IPCC-related experiments were launched in September 2004. Drafts of papers documenting
various aspects of the CM2.0 and CM2.1 models have been submitted and analysis work continues at GFDL.
The CM2.x papers began to appear in refereed journals in 2005.
Additional papers authored by GFDL scientists and reporting on various aspects of these
model simulations, will continue to appear for some time.
A set of four CM2.x papers appear in a Special Section of the
March 2006 edition of the Journal of Climate.
From the Journal of Climate, Volume 19, Number 5, March 2006:
- Preface to the Special Section, T. Delworth.
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 5, page 641.
[HTML version of Preface]
- GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models - Part 1: Formulation and
simulation characteristics, Delworth et al.,
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 5, pages 643-674.
[7.2 MB pdf]
- GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models - Part 2: The baseline ocean
simulation, Gnanadesikan et al.,
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 5, pages 675-697.
[3.7 MB pdf]
- GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models - Part 3: Tropical Pacific climate and ENSO, Wittenberg et al.,
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 5, pages 698-722.
[4.6 MB pdf]
- GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models - Part 4: Idealized climate
response, Stouffer et al.,
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 5, 723-740.
[2.8 MB pdf]
Other papers that document various components of the CM2.x models are available for download. They include
CM2.x Ocean Component:
A detailed paper documenting the
formulation of the ocean component
of the CM2 models, with a focus on 12
relatively novel features,
has been published in Ocean
Formulation of an ocean model for
global climate simulations,
S.M. Griffies, A. Gnanadesikan,
K.W. Dixon, J.P. Dunne, R. Gerdes,
M.J. Harrison, A. Rosati, J. Russell,
B.L. Samuels, M.J. Spelman, M. Winton,
R. Zhang, Ocean Science,
vol. 1, pages 45-79.
[5 MB pdf]
- CM2.0 Atmosphere & CM2.x Land Components::
A paper documenting a variant of the atmosphere and land model components of CM2.0 has recently appeared in the Journal of Climate.
The New GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM2-LM2: Evaluation
with Prescribed SST Simulations. The GFDL Global Atmospheric Model
Development Team, Journal of Climate (2004), volume 17, number 24,
[3 MB pdf]
- CM2.x Land Component: A variant of the land model component of the CM2.x models is documented in the following paper.
Global modeling of land water and energy balances. Part I: The
land dynamics (LaD) model. Milly, P. C. D., and A. B. Shmakin,
Journal of Hydrometeorology, (2002), volume 3, number 3,
[0.5 MB pdf]
Additional papers by GFDL authors that report on analyses
of CM2.x model results include
Barotropic tidal mixing effects in a coupled climate
model: Oceanic conditions in the Northern Atlantic,
Lee, H-C., A. Rosati, and M.J. Spelman,
Ocean Modelling, (2006), Vol. 11, pp. 464-477.
Simulation of Sahel drought in the 20th and 21st
centuries, Held, I.M., T.L. Delworth, J. Lu,
K.L. Findell, & T.R. Knutson, Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences, (2005), Vol. 102,
number 50, pages 17891-17896.
Have anthropogenic aerosols delayed a greenhouse
gas-induced weakening of the North Atlantic
Delworth, T.L., and K.W. Dixon, (2006),
Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 33,
The impact of aerosols on simulated ocean temperature
and heat content in the 20th century,
Delworth, T.L., V. Ramaswamy, and G. L. Stenchikov, (2005),
Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32,
Assessment of Twentieth Century Regional Surface
Temperature Trends using the GFDL CM2 Coupled
Models, Knutson, et al.,
Journal of Climate, (2006), Vol. 19, No. 9, pages 1624-1651.
last modified: June 24 2019.